Biodiversity is very important for maintain the human life and their energy sources, without biodiversity human can’t survive for even for a day, because the life all activities energy source the metabolic source depend on the natural diversity.( plants, animal, and micro-organism and etc)
Day to day the whole facing the problem’s of biodiversity loss, these losses due anthropogenic activities for their necessities and some unnecessary activities.
There are some root causes of biodiversity loss
2. Medicinal plant collection
3. over exploitation
4. Habitat fragmentation
Poverty is the root cause which can directly effect on the biodiversity. in the northern areas of Pakistan kohistan, naran, khagan . These regions are biodiversity rich regions the locals depend of the forest to maintain the life and energy sources, cut the forest to cooked their food and sell the valuable wood in the market by smuggler get the money to feed their families.
These people collect the medicinal plants which are highly valuable medicinal plants, they have no any proper way to collect the medicinal plant they uprooted the medicinal plants, but the leaf is very important for medicinal purposes.
Some time the people unnecessary of wood, the people use wood for irrigation purposes and building purposes. They fix wood in the wall of the homes, for this purpose they cut very valuable trees.