The birth of the camera is associated with the art of photography. "Photography", which started in the 19th century, is the art and method of making pictures of various subjects. It is based on the principle of light, optics, and chemistry. Photography comes from the Greek words "Photos", which means light, and "Graphos" which means drawing. Literally, photography means "Drawing with Light".
Photography is an art from in the same level as artistic painting. Both photography and painting require an artistic approach to the subject matter.
Important skills and techniques that are learned and practiced are applied to attain sufficient response by the viewing audience. The art and technology of photography have contributed much to the documentation of human life. Photographs serve as tangible and documentary evidence about the people, their way of life, traditions, and culture as a whole.
Photography as an art records realities of life as well as illusions of geometry in landcapes, dividing it into lines, forms,textures, and values of light and shade.
Photograps also serve as conveyors of news, works of art, and documents of historical events. Perhaps the most interesting role of photographs is that it serves to record family history and life experiences. The development of technology contributed to the improvement of cameras and prints.
The simple black-and-white prints evolved into vivid colorful photograph. Computer technology revolutionized digital photography, one of the several forms of digital imaging. Digital photography utilizes digital technology to make images of highest quality.
These photographs can be displayed, printed, manipulated, transmitted, and archived without chemical processing.